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Gaillardia species [Asteraceae]

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Scientific Name Gaillardia pinnatifida USDA PLANTS Symbol GAPI
Common Name Red-dome Blanketflower ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 37409
Family Asteraceae (Sunflower) SEINet
Reference
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Description Habitat: Clays, calcareous or sandy soils in disturbed places, grasslands and desert scrub.
Plant: Erect perennial to 20 inches tall growing in dense tufts; much-branched hairy stems.
Leaves: Basal and lower third of plant, alternate, on petioles up to 2 inches long; lower leaves oblanceolate to spatulate overall, 1-1/4 to 2-1/2 inches long (or more) and up to 1-1/4 inches wide, and deeply pinnately-lobed; smaller upper leaves with entire margins, sometimes toothed; hairy.
Inflorescence: Single composite flower heads about 2 inches across atop peduncles 3 to 10 inches long arising from plant base; 5 to 14 rays (or maybe absent), yellow with prominent purplish veins beneath, and occasionally with a reddish base; center about 3/4-inch across with 60 to 100+ disk florets, yellowish in the center becoming dark red/purplish further out; 20 to 30 hairy phyllaries.
Blooming Period: March to July.
References: "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason, "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and SEINet.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native
Scientific Name Gaillardia suavis USDA PLANTS Symbol GASU
Common Name Perfumeballs, Sweet Gaillardia, Pincushion Daisy ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 37412
Family Asteraceae (Sunflower) SEINet
Reference
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Description Habitat: Calcareous to sandy soils in prairies and open areas, roadsides.
Plant: Clump-forming erect perennial 8 to 32 inches tall; no stems; flowerheads atop long, leafless peduncles.
Leaves: Basal leaves in a rosette, blades 2 to 6 inches long, spatulate to oblanceolate; edges smooth, slightly toothed or pinnatifid; surfaces smooth with a few isolated hairs.
Inflorescence: Single composite nearly spherical flower heads up to 1.2 inches across atop long peduncles arising from plant base; generally no ray flowers; 40 to 100+ disk florets, corollas pinkish to reddish-purple.
Blooming Period: March to June.
References: "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason, "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and Flora of North America.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native

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© Tom Lebsack 2022