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Castilleja species [Orobanchaceae]

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Scientific Name Castilleja citrina (Castilleja purpurea var. citrina) USDA PLANTS Symbol CAPUC
Common Name Prairie Indian Paintbrush, Citron Paintbrush ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 527212
Family Orobanchaceae (Broomrape) Wildflower Center Ref. Click Here
Description Habitat: Dry, rocky caliche soils of grassy open areas, prairies and roadsides.
Plant: Erect, clump-forming perennial 6-18 inches tall with unbranched stems; herbiage covered with soft hairs.
Leaves: Alternate, sessile, linear to lanceolate, 1-1/4 to 2-1/2 inches long, with 1 or 2 pairs of narrower linear lateral lobes.
Inflorescence: Showy elongated terminal spike consisting of leaf-like bracts subtending flowers. Bracts broader and shorter than the leaves; greenish becoming greenish-yellow to bright yellow, or they are entirely so colored; with 1 or 2 pairs of lateral lobes, the main central lobe wider than the linear-lanceolate side lobes. Narrow calyx tube has similarly-colored lobes enclosing the yellow-green two-lipped tubular corollas. Protruding corollas are two-lipped, an upper green hood-like lip and slightly flaring lower lip; protruding style and yellow stigma.
Bloom Period: March to May.
References: "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist, "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, "Shinners & Mahler’s Flora of North Central Texas" by Diggs, Lipscomb and O’Kennon, Review of the Castilleja purpurea complex by Nesom and Egger and Flora of North America.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native
Scientific Name Castilleja lindheimeri (Castilleja purpurea var. lindheimeri) USDA PLANTS Symbol CAPUL
Common Name Lindheimer's Indian Paintbrush ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 527213
Family Orobanchaceae (Broomrape) Wildflower Center Ref. Click Here
Description Habitat: Rocky areas on slopes, ridges, grasslands, pastures, open woodlands, roadsides; sometimes over limestone or granite.
Plant: Erect, clump-forming perennial 6-18 inches tall with unbranched stems; herbiage covered with soft hairs.
Leaves: Alternate, sessile, linear to lanceolate, 1-1/4 to 2-1/2 inches long, with 1 or 2 pairs of narrower linear lateral lobes.
Inflorescence: Showy elongated terminal spike consisting of leaf-like bracts subtending flowers. Bracts broader and shorter than the leaves; greenish becoming yellow-orange to red, sometimes brownish-orange or they are entirely so colored; with 1 or 2 pairs of lateral lobes, the main central lobe wider than the linear-lanceolate side lobes. Narrow calyx tube has similarly-colored lobes enclosing the yellow-green two-lipped tubular corollas. Protruding corollas are two-lipped, an upper green hood-like lip and slightly flaring lower lip; protruding style and yellow stigma.
Bloom Period: March to May.
References: "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist, "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, "Shinners & Mahler’s Flora of North Central Texas" by Diggs, Lipscomb and O’Kennon, Review of the Castilleja purpurea complex by Nesom and Egger and Flora of North America.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native
Scientific Name Castilleja sessiliflora USDA PLANTS Symbol CASE5
Common Name Great Plains Indian Paintbrush, Downy Paintedcup ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 33167
Family Orobanchaceae (Broomrape) SEINet
Reference
Click Here
Description Habitat: Dry, rocky, gravelly soils of open areas, prairies and woodland edges.
Plant: Erect, clump-forming perennial with one to several leafy stems; 4 to 12 inches tall; stems and leaves densely covered with soft hairs.
Leaves: Alternate, sessile, linear to linear-lanceolate, 3/4 to 2 inches long; upper blades usually have a pair of linear lateral lobes.
Inflorescence: Showy, elongated terminal spike consisting of leaf-like bracts subtending flowers. Bracts broader and shorter than the leaves; green and sometimes pink-tipped (also may be pink to rose to purplish); with 1 or 2 pairs of lateral lobes, the main central lobe wider than the linear-lanceolate side lobes. Narrow calyx tube is about 1 inch long and has similarly-colored lobes enclosing the corolla. Corollas are 1-3/8 to 2-1/8 inches long, pinkish or sometimes yellow, conspicuous and extending well beyond calyces; with an upper galea (hood-like lip) that is slightly longer than the single protruding lower lip that has flared lobes; style with small, dark-colored stigma extends just beyond upper corolla lip.
Bloom Period: March to May.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, SEINet, Flora of North America and Missouri Plants
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native



© Tom Lebsack 2022