Berberis trifoliolata [Berberidaceae]

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Scientific Name Berberis trifoliolata (Mahonia trifoliolata) USDA PLANTS Symbol MATR3
Common Name Agarita ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 18836
Family Berberidaceae (Barberry) SEINet
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Description Habitat: Dry, rocky areas on hillsides, flatlands, thickets and open woods.
Plant: Shrub 3 to 6 feet tall, or more; rigid spreading or upright branches.
Leaves: Grey-green, leathery stout ternate (trifoliate) leaves; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate overall, with 1 to 3 (or more) lobes with very sharp teeth/points; pointed, sharp tip.
Inflorescence: Clusters of fragrant small blossoms with 6 red/orange-tinged yellow sepals, 6 yellow petals and 6 stamens.
Bloom Period: February to April.
Fruit: Bright red berries 1/4-inch diameter.
References: "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist, "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, and Flora of North America.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:

© Tom Lebsack 2023