Abutilon species [Malvaceae]


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Scientific Name Abutilon fruticosum (Abutilon texense) USDA PLANTS Symbol ABFR3
Common Name Texas Indian Mallow, Pelotazo ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 181989
Family Malvaceae (Mallow) Flora of North America Ref. Click Here
Description Habitat: Dry, calcareous soils in prairies, open woods and rocky areas.
Plant: Upright to sprawling perennial shrub commonly 2 to 3 feet tall (or wide), hairy stem, branched or unbranched.
Leaves:Thick, alternate, mostly ovate-cordate, sharp to tapering point, toothed edges, with tiny star-shaped hairs underneath; up to 4 inches long, smaller on the branchlets.
Inflorescence: Solitary orange-yellow blossoms in the leaf axils, from 3/8 to 1-inch across, 5 petals, numerous stamens.
Bloom Period: June to October.
References: "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason, Wildflower Center and USDA Plant Fact Sheet by James E. Smith.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Scientific Name Abutilon malacum USDA PLANTS Symbol ABMA3
Common Name Yellow Indian Mallow ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 21666
Family Malvaceae (Mallow) SEINet
Click Here
Description Habitat: Dry soils in open areas on rocky hillsides and gravelly flats.
Plant: Upright, leafy perennial up to 3 feet tall; woody base and branching stems with minute hairs.
Leaves: Alternate, broadly ovate with cordate bases and acuminate tips; 1-1/4 to 2-3/4 inches long and almost as wide; on petioles half to nearly as long as the blade; edges are irregularly dentate and the surfaces bluish-green.
Inflorescence: Compact panicles of yellow-orange cup-shaped flowers about 1-1/4 inches across, 5 rounded petals and protruding stamen column and styles.
Bloom Period: June to September.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason, SEINet and Flora of North America.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:

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