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Senegalia species [Fabaceae]

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Scientific Name Senegalia berlandieri (Acacia berlandieri) USDA PLANTS Symbol SEBE2
Common Name Guajillo, Berlandier's Acacia ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 183628
Family Fabaceae (Pea) Wildflower Center Ref. Click Here
Description Habitat: Dry, gravelly, calcareous, clay or sandy soils on ridges and hillsides.
Plant: Spreading shrub 3 to 6+ feet high; somewhat-branched, woody stems with small thorns, if any.
Leaves: Alternate, bipinnately-compound leaves, 4 to 6 inches long with 5 to 9 (or more) pairs of pinnae, each with 30 to 50 pairs of delicate light green leaflets about 1/6 inch long, linear and somewhat hairy.
Inflorescence: Creamy white round flower heads on peduncles 3/4 to 2 inches long; each flower head 3/8 to 5/8-inch across with many very small flowers, each with no petals and many white stamens (the “bristles”).
Bloom Period: Spring or following rains.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and www.wildflower.org.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native
Scientific Name Senegalia greggii (Acacia greggii) USDA PLANTS Symbol ACGR
Common Name Catclaw Acacia ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 183631
Family Fabaceae (Pea) SEINet
Reference
Click Here
Description Habitat: Desert habitat, flats, washes, disturbed areas below 5,000 ft.
Plant: Large deciduous shrub in Big Bend, up to 6 feet high; much-branched, heavily armed woody stems with very sharp recurved thorns.
Leaves: Alternate, bipinnately-compound leaves, 1 to 3 pinnae, each with 3 to 7 pairs of light green leaflets about 1/4 inch long, obovate to narrowly oblong.
Inflorescence: Creamy white bottlebrush flower heads about 3/4-inch across and 2 to 6 times as long with many very small flowers, each with 5 light yellow petals and many yellowish stamens (the “bristles” of the bottle brush).
Bloom Period: Spring or following rains.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and SEINet.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native

See more Acacia here.


© Tom Lebsack 2021