Hibiscus laevis [Malvaceae]

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Scientific Name Hibiscus laevis (Hibiscus militaris) USDA PLANTS Symbol HILA2
Common Name Halberd-leaf Rosemallow ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 21632
Family Malvaceae (Mallow) SEINet
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Description Habitat: Various soils along edges of ponds, streams, marshes, and in floodplain pools and wet roadside ditches.
Plant: Tall perennial with smooth stems up to 8 feet long.
Leaves: Narrowly to broadly triangular-hastate overall, 2-1/2 to 7 inches long; unlobed or 3-lobed; lobes, especially middle one which is ovate to triangular and up 3 times as long as wide; lobed leaves resemble the medieval halberd spear head weapon; margins crenate-serrate to serrate-dentate and red-tinged; smooth surfaces; thin petioles about half as long as leaves or longer.
Inflorescence: Large, solitary flowers in upper leaf axils with funnel-shaped corollas up to 5 inches across; 5 petals are white to light pink, purplish-red at their base; straight pale pink to white stamen column 1 to 1-1/2 inches long; protruding pale pink to white stigmas; green calyx with 5 oval lobes and several linear bracts. Each flower lasts for one day.
Bloom Period: Summer and fall.
References: Hibiscus militaris in "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston; "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason, Illinois Wildflowers and SEINet.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:

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© Tom Lebsack 2022