Fraxinus cuspidata [Oleaceae]

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Scientific Name Fraxinus cuspidata USDA PLANTS Symbol
Common Name Fragrant Ash ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
Family Oleaceae (Olive) SEINet
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Description Habitat: Slightly acidic igneous and slightly alkaline limestone soils; on rocky slopes and in canyons at higher desert elevations (e.g. Chisos Basin in Big Bend NP).
Plant: Shrub or small tree, 10 to 20 feet high; almost completely covered with white, fragrant blossoms in spring; branches slender, hairless; gray bark initially fairly smooth becoming fissured into ridges.
Leaves: Deciduous pinnately-compound leaves up to 7 inches long on petioles, with 3 to 9 pointed leaflets 1-3/8 to 2-3/4 inches long, on long petioles, ovate to lanceolate shape; shiny, dark green upper surface, lower may be somewhat hairy beneath.
Inflorescence: Smooth clusters 3 to 4 inches long of fragrant whitish blossoms, each about 1/2 inch long; corolla deeply divided into 4 lobes.
Bloom Period: May to June.
References: Texas A&M University and "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston.
Note: Images below taken along Green Gulch road near Chisos Basin campground.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:

© Tom Lebsack 2023