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Papaver species [Papaveraceae]

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Scientific Name Papaver rhoeas USDA PLANTS Symbol PARH2
Common Name Corn Poppy, Flanders Poppy, Remembrance Poppy ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 18893
Family Papaveraceae (Poppy) SEINet
Reference
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Description Habitat: Various soils in fields, pastures, along stream banks, roadsides, and other disturbed areas; native to Eurasia and N. Africa, naturalized in Texas.
Plant: Erect branching, leafy perennial or annual, a few inches to 3 feet tall.
Leaves: Stem and basal leaves once or twice pinnately-lobed, cut or toothed and stiffly hairy.
Inflorescence: Showy red, puple to almost white blossoms 2 to almost 4 inches across, on long hairy stalks; four rounded, overlapping, papery petals often with a dark blotch at their base; many yellow anthers on black filaments surrounding stigma.
Bloom Period: April to June.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and Missouri Botanical Gardens.
Notes: Very popular plant that is often associated with Veterans Day, or Poppy Day, to remember the fallen of WWI and WWII.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Introduced
Scientific Name Papaver somniferum USDA PLANTS Symbol PASO2
Common Name Opium Poppy ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 18894
Family Papaveraceae (Poppy) SEINet
Reference
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Description Habitat: Various soils in creek bottoms, riverbeds, roadsides and disturbed areas.
Plant: Erect, simple or branching, leafy annual, 3 to 5 feet tall.
Leaves: Basal and stem leaves,oblong to ovate in outline, wavy, sessile or clasping; margins with coarse teeth or shallow lobes; basal leaves up to 6 inches long, becoming somewhat smaller along the stem.
Inflorescence: Large showy blossoms, 3+ inches across; 4 rounded, overlapping, papery petals, white, pink, red, or purple, often with dark or pale basal spot; many light yellow anthers surrounding 5 to 18 stigmata.
Bloom Period: Spring to summer.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason and Flora of North America.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Introduced

© Tom Lebsack 2021