Euphorbia antisyphilitica [Euphorbiaceae]

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Scientific Name Euphorbia antisyphilitica USDA PLANTS Symbol EUAN3
Common Name Candelilla ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 28042
Family Euphorbiaceae (Spurge) Flora of North America Ref. Click Here
Description Habitat: Desert environment; limestone soils in scrub ateas.
Plant: Multistemmed perennial up to 24 inches tall; grayish-green, pencil-like stems covered with flaky, exfoliating layer of wax.
Leaves: Alternate, very small leaves on newer growth, less than 1/8-inch long.
Inflorescence: Flower-like cyathia congested along the stems, each one resembling a single flower but actually comprised of many very small yellowish male flowers that resemble stamens surrounding a female flower; petal-like appendages are white to pink and ovate or oblong in shape, less than 1/8-inch long and across.
Bloom Period: Year-round with sufficient rainfall.
Fruit: Smooth, green, oblong to ovoid, 1/6-inch long protruding from center of each cyanthium.
References: "Wildflowers Texas Hill" by Michael Eason, "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and Flora of North America.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:

© Tom Lebsack 2022