Echinocactus texensis [Cactaceae]

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Scientific Name Echinocactus texensis USDA PLANTS Symbol ECTE
Common Name Horse Crippler ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 19822
Family Cactaceae (Cactus) SEINet
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Description Habitat: Desert flats, scrublands and grasslands.
Plant: Flattened, solitary stem set deep in the soil, growing less than 2 inches tall and up to 12 inches across.
Pads & Spines: Stems with many (13 to 27) ribs, with long red, very stiff sharp spines that are dangerous if stepped on, hence the name; one central spine per areole 2 to 2-1/2 inches long pointing downward, and 6 or 7 straight to slightly curved radial spines.
Inflorescence: Pink/violet flowers 1-1/4 to 2-3/8 inches across with reddish centers; feathery petals; opening from late morning until about noon.
Bloom Period: April an May.
Fruit: Red fruit with scales; ovoid to round, 5/8 to 2 inches long.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, "Cacti of Texas" by Powell, Weedin and Powell and www.americansouthwest.net.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:

© Tom Lebsack 2021