Viola missouriensis [Violaceae]

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Scientific Name Viola missouriensis USDA PLANTS Symbol VIMI3
Common Name Missouri Violet ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 22110
Family Violaceae (Violet) SEINet
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Description Habitat: Wet or damp soils along streams and on shady hillsides in coniferous forests.
Plant: Short, leafy, stemless perennial growing in clumps from 3 to 6 inches tall.
Leaves: Basal cordate, deep green leaves 1 to 3 inches long with rounded or triangular tips and up to 6 widely-spaced crenations along edges; on petioles up to 4 inches long.
Inflorescence: Solitary flowers 3/4-inch wide on peduncles 2 to 4 inches long; 5 blue-violet petals with darker veins, especially lower one.
Bloom Period February to April.
Reference: "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist, "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason and "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:

© Tom Lebsack 2022