>

Scutellaria species [Lamiaceae]

Click on the images below to see larger versions.

Scientific Name Scutellaria drummondii USDA PLANTS Symbol SCDR2
Common Name Drummond's Skullcap ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 32795
Family Lamiaceae (Mint) Wildflower Center Ref. Click Here
Description Habitat: Sandy, gravelly, rocky or clayey soils on rocks, ledges, flats, and on plateaus and hillsides.
Plant: Annual with several erect or reclining, 6 to 12 inches tall; stems with relatively long, often gland-tipped, hairs.
Leaves: Ovate leaves 1/4 to 3/4-inch long on short petioles lower, sessile above; small, short, somewhat glandular hairs on surfaces.
Inflorescence: Flowers with 5 sepals and 5 bluish-purple petals united to form a lipped blossom about 1/2-inch long; lower lip is notched; calyx with long hairs.
Bloom Period: February to July.
Reference: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist, "Shinners & Mahler’s Flora of North Central Texas" by Diggs, Lipscomb and O’Kennon, and www.wildflower.org.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native
Scientific Name Scutellaria ovata USDA PLANTS Symbol SCOV
Common Name Heartleaf Skullcap ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 32772
Family Lamiaceae (Mint) Encyclopedia of Life Ref. Click Here
Description Habitat: Moist or dry, sandy, limey soils in open woodlands, brushy areas and along roadsides.
Plant: Erect perennial, one or more stems 9 to 30 inches tall, branched in upper section.
Leaves: Opposite leaves along each stem, blades are 1-4 inches long, cordate-shaped, deeply veined, toothed edges. Lower leaves larger and have slender petioles; upper leaves much smaller and sessile.
Inflorescence: Terminal racemes, up to 4 inches long, single or in a panicle; flowers with 5 pale to dark blue petals united at base into a slender tube; two petals united forming upper, hooded lip, bottom three petals forming a much larger lower lip with center petal having a white throat with dark speckles.
Bloom Period: April to June.
Reference: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and "Wildflowers of Texas" by Geyata Ajilvsgi.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native
Scientific Name Scutellaria wrightii USDA PLANTS Symbol SCWR2
Common Name Wright's Skullcap, Bushy Skullcap ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 32782
Family Lamiaceae (Mint) Wildflower Center Ref. Click Here
Description Habitat: Dry limestone, caliche or sandy loam soils in prairies, on bluffs, open woods and along roadsides; less common in Central Texas than S. drummondii
Plant: Perennial with numerous erect and curved branches arising from a woody base; stems 6 to 12 inches tall covered with minute hairs.
Leaves: Opposite, oval/oblong hairy leaves 3/8 to 3/4-inch long and less than 3/8-inch wide with rounded tips on short petioles ~1/8-inch long or less.
Inflorence: Small two-lipped violet-blue flowers, ~3/8-inch long crowded in upper leaf axils; long lower lip with 3 lobes; short hairs on calyx.
Bloom Period: March to July.
Reference: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist and "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native



© Tom Lebsack 2021