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Salvia species [Lamiaceae]

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Scientific Name Salvia azurea USDA PLANTS Symbol SAAZ
Common Name Blue Sage ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 32699
Family Lamiaceae (Mint) Wildflower Center Ref. Click Here
Description Habitat: Dry, rocky soils in prairies, flats, and in open areas in oak or cedar hillsides and woodlands.
Plant: Upright to sprawling, leafy perennial with single or branched, somewhat hairy stems; up to 5 feet tall.
Leaves: Opposite stem leaves; lower lanceoleate or oblong, up to 4 inches ling and 1-5/8 inches wide, blunt tip and tapering to a petiole, margins denticulate or serrate; upper leaves smaller, linear and entire.
Inflorescence: Many small clusters of dark to pale blue flowers in a long, slender terminal spike; blossoms arranged in whorls, each up to 1 inch long, 2-lipped corolla.
Bloom Period: May to November.
Reference: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and "Wildflowers of Texas" by Geyata Ajilsvsgi.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native
Scientific Name Salvia engelmannii USDA PLANTS Symbol SAEN2
Common Name Englemann's Sage ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 32711
Family Lamiaceae (Mint) Wildflower Center Ref. Click Here
Description Habitat: Dry, rocky limestone soils of prairies, hillsides and rock outcrops.
Plant: Upright perennial in dense bushy clumps, numerous stems 6 to 16 inches tall; small erect, glandular (sticky) hairs on foliage.
Leaves: Opposite, narrow, linear or oblanceolate, petiolate, green 1-1/2 to 3 inches long.
Inflorescence: Pale purple to pale blue flowers about 1 inch long in loose, terminal racemes; each flower with 5 petals united into upper and lower lips, larger lower lip appearing to be 2-lobed; each flower with leaf-like bract below.
Bloom Period: April to June.
Reference: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist and "Wildflowers of Texas" by Geyata Ajilvsgi.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native
Scientific Name Salvia farinacea USDA PLANTS Symbol SAFA2
Common Name Mealycup Sage, Mealy Blue Sage ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 32713
Family Lamiaceae (Mint) Wildflower Center Ref. Click Here
Description Habitat: Dry, rocky limestone soils.
Plant: Shrubby, clump-forming perennial 1-1/2 to 3 feet tall; erect to spawling, branching, square stems.
Leaves: Lower leaves linear to ovate-lanceolate, up to 4 inches long and 1-1/4 inches wide, on petioles 1-3/4 inches long, with irregular-coarsely serrate edges; upper leaves lanceolate or linear-lanceolate and may have entire edges.
Inflorescence: Dense whorls of violet-blue flowers spaced along spikes 4 to 8 inches long on long, naked peduncles; each flower up to 1 inch long, with 5 petals united into upper and lower lips, larger lower lip appearing to be 2-lobed, back of upper lip densely covered with purple hairs; sepals below covered with whitish hairs.
Bloom Period: April to November.
Reference: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, "Wildflowers of Texas" by Geyata Ajilvsgi and "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native
Scientific Name Salvia lyrata USDA PLANTS Symbol SALY2
Common Name Lyre-leaf Sage ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 32690
Family Lamiaceae (Mint) Wildflower Center Ref. Click Here
Description Habitat: Sandy soils in moist areas in meadows, clearings and open woods; normally found in East Texas but sometimes in the Hill Country.
Plant: Erect perennial 1 to 2-1/2 feet tall.
Leaves: Basal rosette of ovate to oblanceolate leaves up to 10 inches long; springtime leaves irregularly lobed, somewhat lyre-shaped, and purple-tinged; summer and fall leaves nearly entire; smaller, sparser stem leaves.
Inflorescence: Widely-spaced whorls of pale blue two-lipped flowers, each about 1-inch long; upper lip with three teeth, larger lower lip with two longer teeth; funnel-shaped corolla violet or light blue with darker blue markings.
Bloom Period: December to May.
Reference: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native
Scientific Name Salvia texana USDA PLANTS Symbol SATE3
Common Name Texas Sage, Blue Sage ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 32693
Family Lamiaceae (Mint) SEINet
Reference
Click Here
Description Habitat: Dry, rocky limestone soils.
Plant: Erect perennial 6 to 15 inches tall, several spreading or ascending, densely hairy stems.
Leaves: Alternate, obovate-lanceolate to oblanceolate hairy blades up to 2-3/8 inches long with entire or somewhat dentate margins.
Inflorescence: Bristly-hairy racemes of multiple purplish-blue flowers, each with a hairy, two-lipped calyx about 3/8-inch long; two-lipped corolla about 1-inch long, lower lip with three lobes, the center one much wider.
Bloom Period: March to May.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist and "Wildflowers of Texas" by Micahel Eason.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native

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© Tom Lebsack 2021