Passiflora incarnata

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Scientific Name Passiflora incarnata USDA PLANTS Symbol PAIN6
Common Name Maypop, Purple Passionflower ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 504139
Family Passifloraceae (Passionflower) SEINet
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Description Habitat: Open woods, open areas, along roadsides and fencerows; eastern third of Texas and east.
Plant: Trailing or climbing perennial vine up to 20 feet long, often entwined with other shrubs and trees.
Leaves: Deciduous, alternate, large (2-1/2 to 6 inches long and almost as wide), deeply three-lobed on petioles up to 3 inches long; lobes are ovate-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate; upper surfaces are dark green and lower grayish; edges are finely serrate; tendrils in leaf axils.
Inflorescence: Large, showy flowers arising from leaf axils opening mid-day or later; 2-3/4 inches across; white to pale lavender or blue sepals, 0.8 to 1.2 inches long and 0.4 inches wide; petals look the same but not as large as sepals; petals and sepals subtend a corona of wavy blue or purple to pink filaments 0.6 to 0.8 inches long; 5 stamens with yellowish anthers and 3 club-like stigma protruding from center above the purple nectar ring.
Bloom period: April to August.
Fruit: Large berry, up to 2 inches long, ovoid to nearly spherical, green becoming orange yellow when ripe.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, Alabama Plant Atlas, Wildflower Center and "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:

© Tom Lebsack 2022