Monarda citriodora [Lamiaceae]

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Scientific Name Monarda citriodora USDA PLANTS Symbol MOCI
Common Name Lemon Beebalm, Purple Horsemint ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 32280
Family Lamiaceae (Mint) Wildflower Center Ref. Click Here
Description Habitat: Sandy or rocky soils in prairies, meadows; widespread in Texas.
Plant: Erect annual or biennial with single or several stems, 1 to 2-1/2 feet tall; 4-sided stem.
Leaves: Oblanceolate, opposite leaves 1 to 2-1/2 inches long, edges uneven or serrate.
Inflorescence: An interrupted spike of 2 to 7 floral clusters each with two-lipped corollas with sickle-shaped upper lip and wider three-lobed lower lip and two stamens; corollas white to pink or lavender with purple spots; calyx teeth with long thread-like tips; colorful bracts below each corolla cluster, all about the same size, oblong and with sharp point with small bristles on tips.
Bloom Period: March to October.
"Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist, "Wildflowers of Texas" by Geyata Ajilvsgi, and "Shinners & Mahler’s Flora of North Central Texas" by Diggs, Lipscomb and O’Kennon.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:

Click here and here for more Monarda.

© Tom Lebsack 2022