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Glandularia species [Verbenaceae]

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Scientific Name Glandularia bipinnatifida (Verbena bipinnatifida) USDA PLANTS Symbol GLBI2
Common Name Prairie Verbena, Dakota Mock Vervain ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 502783
Family Verbenaceae (Verbena) SEINet
Reference
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Description Habitat: Dry rocky to sandy soils in plains, pastures, meadows, open woods, washes and streamsides.
Plant: Multi-stemmed perennial, reclining stems branching from base, up to 2 feet long with tips ascending 4 to 12 inches high, herbage with stiff, bristly hairs.
Leaves: Opposite and petiolate, blades deeply incised to bipinnately-lobed, 3/4 to 2-3/8 inches long, the lobes linear or oblong.
Inflorescence: Many showy blue-purple-pink flowers 1/4-inch across grouped in short, dense terminal spikes; corolla with 5 spreading lobes with tube up to 1-1/2 times longer than the calyx; each flower subtended by a pointed linear bractlets longer than the calyx; calyx covered with stiff hairs.
Bloom Period: April to September.
References: "Manual of Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist, and SEINet.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native
Scientific Name Glandularia bipinnatifida var. ciliata (Glandularia wrightii, Verbena wrightii) USDA PLANTS Symbol GLBIC
Common Name Davis Mountain Mock Vervain, Desert Verbena ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 833952
Family Verbenaceae (Verbena) SEINet
Reference
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Description Habitat: Gravelly banks and washes, roadsides, grasslands, limestone slopes, scrub at higher altitudes 3,400-8,000 ft in desert environments.
Plant: Perennial 6 to 24 inches tall with spreading to erect hairy stems.
Leaves: Opposite, with short petioles; blades ovate to lanceolate-ovate 0.8 to 1.6 inches long, once or twice pinnately-lobed; hairy but without glands.
Inflorescence: Short, dense terminal spikes of showy pink-purple, sometimes white blossoms, each with 5 petals and subtended by a bractlet shorter or about the same length as the calyx which is sparsely to moderately covered with glandular hairs.
Bloom Period: April to September.
References: SEINet and "Manual of Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native
Scientific Name Glandularia pumila (Verbena pumila) USDA PLANTS Symbol GLPU4
Common Name Low Verbena, Pink Mock Vervain ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 502792
Family Verbenaceae (Verbena) SEINet
Reference
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Description Habitat: Various soils in open areas, fields, prairies, hillsides.
Plant: Short annual, decumbent to ascending, multi-stemmed, 6 to 12 inches tall; hairy, sometimes glandular.
Leaves: Opposite, triangular, 3/4 to 1-1/4 inch long, divided into 3 parts, each part lobed and incised.
Inflorescence: Small 5-petal, pink to lavender flowers 1/8 to 1/4-inch across, compressed into a short spike about 1-3/4 inch long.
Bloom Period: January to August.
References: "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist, "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason, and "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native

Click here for other Glandularia species.


© Tom Lebsack 2021