Echinacea purpurea [Asteraceae]

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Scientific Name Echinacea purpurea USDA PLANTS Symbol ECPU
Common Name Purple Coneflower, Eastern Coneflower ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 37281
Family Asteraceae (Sunflower) SEINet
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Description Habitat: Rocky soils in open woods, thickets, prairies, especially near waterways.
Plant: Erect perennial, with smooth to hairy, usually brownish-green, branched stems 2 to 5 ft tall.
Leaves: Basal leaves on petioles up to 7 inches long, blades ovate to narrowly lanceolate, 2 to 12 inches long and 2 to 5 inches wide; margins usually serrate to dentate, rarely entire; stem leaves becoming smaller, sessile and coarsely serrate to entire.
Inflorescence: Single, terminal flowers with pink to purple, spreading to drooping rays 1 to 3 inches long; domed center 5/8 to 1-3/8 inches across, with greenish to pink or purplish-brown florets.
Bloom Period: May to September.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, www.wildflower.org., and SEINet.
Note: Rare and native to extreme NE Texas and northeastward; photos from cultivated plants at the Wildflower Center in Austin.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:

© Tom Lebsack 2023