Aquilegia species

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Scientific Name Aquilegia hinkleyana (Aquilegia chrysantha variety hinkleyana) USDA PLANTS Symbol
AQCHH
Common Name Texas Gold Columbine ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
18739
Family Ranunculaceae (Buttercup) Flora of North America Ref.
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Description Habitat: Dripping cliffs around Copote Falls.
Plant: Multi-stemmed perennial bush 20-28 inches tall, branched in the inflorescence.
Leaves: Basal and stem leaves biternate, with each of the three leaflets deeply cleft into three lobes which in turn have 2 or 3 smaller, rounded lobes; petioles 10 to 12 inches long; primary petiolules (leaflet stalks) 1 to 2 inches long, and sub-petiolules less than 1 inch long.
Inflorescence: Yellow sub-erect flowers on pedicels 2-3/4 inches long; 5 speading yellow ovate sepals 1 inch long radiate from flower axis, somewhat pointed tip; 5 petals with spatulate-obovate blade about 3/4 inch long, rounded tip, and spurs 1-1/2 to 2-1/4 inches long. Spurs shorter than A. longissima below.
Bloom Period: March to November.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and Flora of North America.
Notes: Native only in Presidio County, but widely cultivated. Photos taken of cultivated plants at Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, Austin.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Aquilegia longissima USDA PLANTS Symbol
AQLO
Common Name Long Spur Columbine ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
18742
Family Ranunculaceae (Buttercup) Flora of North America Ref.
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Description Habitat: Shady, moist, rocky habitat near streams and waterfalls.
Plant: Erect clump-forming bush, 20-48 inches tall, open-branched above.
Leaves: Basal and stem leaves triternate (3x-ternate), with each of the ultimate (ideally) 27 leaflets 5/8 to 1-3/4 inches long and deeply cleft into three lobes which in turn have 2 or 3 smaller, rounded lobes; primary petioles 10 to 12 inches long; primary petiolules (leaflet stalks) 1 to 2 inches long, secondary petiolules less than 1/2 to 2 inches long, and tertiary petiolules 5/8-inch long.
Inflorescence: Pale-yellow erect flowers on pedicels almost 8 inches long; 5 speading yellow lanceolate sepals 7/8 to 1-3/8 inches long, pointed tip; 5 spreading petals with spatulate-obvate blade 5/8 to 1-1/5 inch long, rounded tip, and spurs 3-1/2 to 6 inches long; stamens 1/5 to 1/2-inch longer than petals.
Bloom Period: June to November.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and www.americansouthwest.net.
Notes: Rare plant, native in Big Bend NP.
Texas Status
Native

© Tom Lebsack 2019