Croton species

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Scientific Name Croton lindheimeri (Croton capitatus var. lindheimeri) USDA PLANTS Symbol
CRCAL2
Common Name Hogwort, Lindheimer's Hogwort, Woolly Goatweed ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
511813
Family Euphorbiaceae (Spurge) Flora of North America Ref.
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Description Habitat: Dry prairies, overgrazed pastures, rocky hills, open woodlands, and roadsides; usually sandy or limestone soils.
Plant: Annual 8 to 40 inches tall, branched; yellow-brown stem hairs on newer growth, becoming smooth.
Leaves: Pale-green ovate-lanceolate blades 1/1/4 to 2-3/4 inches long; margins entire, sharply pointed tips; petioles longer (up to 2-3/4 inches) below, becoming much shorter (about 1/2-inch long) near branch tips.
Inflorescence: Small blossoms in short racemes 0.6 to 1.2 inches long; staminate (male) flowers with 7 to 12 stamens, 5 hairy sepals and petals; pistillate (female) flowers with 7 to 8 sepals, 3 styles and no petals.
Fruit: Mostly round capsules about 1/4-inch diameter, 3-seeded.
Bloom Period: May to December.
References: Flora of North America, Shinner and Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas, and Kansas Wildflowers.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Croton monanthogynus USDA PLANTS Symbol
CRMO6
Common Name One-seed Croton, Prairie Tea ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
28283
Family Euphorbiaceae (Spurge) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Dry imestone/caliche soils; prairies, disturbed areas.
Plant: Erect, much-branched annual up to 20 inches tall; stems somewhat hairy.
Leaves: Alternate fuzzy leaves; lower leaves ovate-oblong to almost round; upper leaves narrowly elliptic; up to 1-3/8 inches long and 1 inch wide.
Inflorescence: Inconspicuous greenish-white flowers clustered in congested terminal racemes about 3/8 inch long; separate staminate (male) and pistillate (female) flowers on the same plant; staminate flowers have no petals and 5 sepals; pistillate flowers have 4 petals and 5 sepals.
Fruit: Oval-shaped capsules less than 2/10-inch diameter, smooth, 1-seeded.
Bloom Period: May to November.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and Flora of North America.
Texas Status
Native

© Tom Lebsack 2018