Argemone species

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Scientific Name Argemone albiflora USDA PLANTS Symbol
ARAL3
Common Name White Prickly Poppy ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
18904
Family Papaveraceae (Poppy)
SEINet Referencee
Description Habitat: Sandy, gravelly soils in disturbed areas, pastures, roadsides. Plant: Upright, prickly annual or biennial usually 2-3 ft. tall, but can be up to 5 ft., with a single, usually branched, somewhat prickly stem.
Leaves: Basal and stem leaves, 3 to 8 inches long, lobed from 1/2 to 4/5 toward mid-rib, spines at lobe points; leaf faces sparsely spined or no spines; underside with spines on main vein.
Inflorescence: Large showy flowers up to 4 inches across, with 6 white, papery overlapping petals and many bright yellow stamens and dark pistil in center; buds ellipsoid with sparse to dense prickles.
Bloom Period: March to October.
References: "Wildflowers of Texas" by G. Ajilvsgi and Flora of North America.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Argemone aurantiaca USDA PLANTS Symbol
ARAU2
Common Name Texas Prickly Poppy ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
18907
Family Papaveraceae (Poppy)
SEINet Referencee
Description Habitat: Fields, pastures, hillsides in Central Texas.
Plant: Upright, very prickly annual or biennial usually 2-3 ft. tall, with a single, usually branched, extremely prickly stem.
Leaves: Basal and stem leaves, lobed edges almost to mid-rib with many spines; leaf undersides moderately to very prickly along main vein and between veins; fewer prickles on upper surfaces.
Inflorescence: Large showy flowers up to 4 inches across, with 6 white, papery overlapping petals and many bright yellow stamens and dark pistil in center; oblong prickly buds, longer prickles branched.
Bloom Period: Spring and summer.
References: Flora of North America.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Argemone chisosensis USDA PLANTS Symbol
ARCH2
Common Name Chisos Mountain Prickly Poppy ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
18908
Family Papaveraceae (Poppy)
SEINet Referencee
Description Habitat: Various soils on dry plains, mountains and drainages. Plant: Upright, prickly annual or biennial up to 32 inches tall, with a single, somewhat branched prickly stem.
Leaves: Lower leaves 6 or more inches long and deeply pinnately-lobed; lobes widely separated; upper leaves less deeply lobed and shorter; spines at lobe points; leaf faces sparsely spined on main vein or no spines; underside with spines on main vein and some on secondary veins.
Inflorescence: Large showy flowers up to 2-3/4 to 4 inches across, with 6 white to pale-lavender, papery overlapping petals; 150 or more stamens with pale yellow to red filaments and yellow or purplish anthers; purplish pistil in center.
Bloom Period: March to June.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason and Flora of North America.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Argemone squarrosa USDA PLANTS Symbol
ARSQ
Common Name Hedgehog Prickly Poppy ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
18928
Family Papaveraceae (Poppy)
SEINet Reference
Description Habitat: Prairies, desert environments.
Plant: Upright, very prickly annual or biennial 1-1/2 to 2-1/2 feet tall; stems very prickly.
Leaves: Basal and stem leaves, 2-1/2 to 5 inches long; deeply lobed edges with many spines at points; top leaf faces with no spines; lower leaf surfaces with spines on main rib.
Inflorescence: Large showy flowers up to 4 inches across, with 6 white, papery overlapping petals and many (150+) bright yellow stamens and dark pistil in center; oblong buds with some prickles and may have 2 to 3 horned sepals.
Bloom Period: April to August.
References: Flora of North America and Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses.
Texas Status
Native

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© Tom Lebsack 2019