Oenothera species

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Scientific Name Oenothera curtiflora (Gaura parviflora) USDA PLANTS Symbol
Common Name Velvetweed, Velvet Butterfly-weed ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
Family Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Various soil types; dry rocky hillsides, pastures, old fields, open woodlands, waste areas, roadsides and streamsides.
Plant: Erect, annual; usually single-stemmed and unbranched below inflorescence; stems densely glandular-hairy.
Leaves: Alternate, ovate-lanceolate, 1 to 5 inches long, 1/4 to 1-3/4 inches wide, sessile; pubescent hairs; wavy margins and tips tapering to points.
Inflorescence: Densely-flowered terminal spike 2 to 20 inches long; small flowers with hairy lanceolate to linear bracts up to 1/4 inch long; 4 sepals, smooth or minutely pubescent, bent abruptly downward; 4 short, pink to rose petals 1/8-inch long; 8 stamens, anthers yellow or reddish; stigma with 4 short, yellowish lobes.
Bloom Period: March to August.
References: Gaura parviflora in "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston; Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses, and SEINet.
Texas Status
Scientific Name Oenothera speciosa USDA PLANTS Symbol
Common Name Pink Evening Primrose ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
Family Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) Wildflower Center Ref.
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Description Upright to sprawling, 1-1/2 ft. perennial, which spreads to form extensive colonies; leaves overall outline lanceolate or oblanceolate with edges cut deeply into narrow pinnate lobes; large, four-petaled flowers, from dark pink to white. Descr. various sources. Texas Status
Scientific Name Oenothera suffrutescens (Gaura coccinea) USDA PLANTS Symbol
Common Name Scarlet Gaura, Scarlet Beeblossom ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
Family Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) SEINet Reference
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Description Erect, somewhat hairy multi-stemmed perennial, up to 40 inches tall; narrow, lanceolate leaves, 1/2 to 2-1/2 inches long, crowded along the stems; numerous pink to red flowers about 5/8-inch across grouped near the top of the stems, 4 petals. Descr. excerpt from "Wildflowers of Texas" by Geyata Ajilvsgi. and SEINet. Texas Status

Click for yellow Oenothera and white Oenthera species.

© Tom Lebsack 2019