Verbena species

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Scientific Name Verbena canscens USDA PLANTS Symbol
VECA5
Common Name Gray Vervain ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
32089
Family Verbenaceae (Verbena) Wildflower Center Ref.
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Description Erect to widely spreading, hairy perennial up to 1-1/2 feet tall; opposite, narrow, rough, lobed leaves 2 inches long; very small lavender-purple flowers, 1/4 inch across, 5 petals, forming a long slender spike. Descr. from "Wildflowers of Texas" by Geyata Ajilvsgi. Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Verbena halei USDA PLANTS Symbol
VEHA
Common Name Texas Vervain ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
32100
Family Verbenaceae (Verbena) Wildflower Center Ref.
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Description Erect perennial 1 to 2-1/2 feet tall, with several branches in the upper part; leaves vary widely, with the bottom leaves deeply cut in some cases and the upper leaves slightly toothed or smooth edges, 3/4 to 3 inches long and 1-1/2 inches wide; several small, trumpet-shaped blue-lavender flowers 1/4 inch across in long, loose clusters, blooming around the stem from the bottom up. Descr. excerpt from www.wildflower.org. Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Verbena plicata USDA PLANTS Symbol
VEPL
Common Name Fanleaf Vervain ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
32076
Family Verbenaceae (Verbena) SEINet Reference
Description Habitat: Sandy or gravelly soils in open prairies, flats, ravines, hillsides, roadsides and disturbed areas.
Plant: Upright to decumbent perennial, 4 to 8 branches from base; 4 to 16 inches tall, densely hairy.
Leaves: Opposite, spatulate to elliptic-ovate, 5/8 to 1-5/8 inches long and 3/8 to 1 inch wide, margins incised-serrate, veins recessed on upper surface and prominent and whitish beneath; both surfaces hairy; winged petiole.
Inflorescence: Elongated spikes 2 to 10 inches long of small blue to lavender or purple 5-lobed blossoms, about 1/3-inch across, above slightly longer ovate-lanceolate bracts.
Bloom Period February to September.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason, SEINet and www. americansouthwest.com.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Verbena xutha USDA PLANTS Symbol
VEXU
Common Name Gulf Vervain ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
32081
Family Verbenaceae (Verbena) Wildflower Center Ref.
Description Habitat: Sandy soils of beaches, roadsides, fields and blackland prairies; generally found in Southeast and South Texas with isolated populations in the Big Bend area.
Plant: Upright annual often growing in clumps; stems up to 6 feet tall, tetragonal, hairy, branched.
Leaves: Opposite, pinnatifid or 3-lobed, central lobe much larger (2 to 5 inches long) than 2 side lobes; lobes of upper leaves lanceolate; margins coarsely dentate and leaf surfaces hairy.
Inflorescence: Elongated spikes of blue-purple 5-lobed blossoms 1/2-inch wide or less with pale centers.
Bloom Period March to October.
References: "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason and "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston.
Texas Status
Native

© Tom Lebsack 2019